The ROYAL NAVY in the year 2012 to 2013

The ROYAL NAVY has always been a complicated outfit to manage as it was in my time [1953-1983] and is still the case today. However, there are two quite different reasons why this should be so.

The first, during my Service, came about because of the sheer size of the navy and its fleets, which were based globally on many foreign ports requiring many vessels and a gigantic phalanx of men to man them.  We coped with many small wars <see ** > which up to and including the Falklands War there is a count of fifteen ignoring Vietnam which didn't involve us Brits, in which far far more men died that will ever die in wars since 1982 whose bodies still lay in foreign soil un-repatriated, including all the wars in the Middle East which are due to come to an end for us in 2014.


It is a sad reflection, upon whom or what, I do not know, but we appear to have lost the BRILLIANT website "Britain's Small Wars" to oblivion! The sadness is magnified when I realise that the skeleton of that former site rests in what is called, from its associated URL, a "Local Government" website called 'The Library Of Congress' which is in the USA, in the city of Washington DC. This is their website. I myself contributed to the SUEZ and ADEN sections, so naturally I miss the site for that reason too.

As far as Britain's Small Wars is concerned, the American site [and why I ask?] is nothing but bones and sinew with not an ounce of flesh to investigate.


Also, let us not forget the Cod War and the heavy commitment of Beira Patrol, and that we were continuously threatened by global nuclear war in a period which was called the 'Cold War'*, and also for many years a despicably cruel domestic war waged against us in our home lands [the UK and Northern Ireland] by the Irish Republican Army and the Provisional Irish Republican Army and it current off-shoots. It will be remembered that they murdered a Member of the Royal Family, Lord Mountbatten plus three others travelling with him, one his grandson, as well as on the same dreadfully sad day, a group of eighteen soldiers going about their legal and protective duties at Warren Point.  Despite our materiel resources, we were stretched to the limit with families kept apart for long periods and not just for a few months or so! Many of those so called Small War were up-front naval wars, and when not, the navy supported the land forces from but a whisper apart. Since virtually all were British wars fought at our own Governments behest, with just one, Korea fought under a United Nations Banner, and none under a NATO Command, medals were in short, very short supply, whereas today, NATO mints them as though they were going out of fashion added to which our Government still issues them. Korea, where deaths amounted to hundreds of thousands spread across all combatants, was the exception to the rule when the British and the United Nations issued separate medals for the war.  Today, it is not uncommon to see a young sailor bedecked with several medals when his or her ship was present in a Theatre but nowhere near the action proper. It is more or less the rule today that under the NATO Flag, each campaign earns two medals instead of just the one in our day, and Britain wouldn't even venture to fight a second Falklands War never mind any other which to some, would stink of Colonialism!  Fighting under a NATO Flag instead of a National Flag also lessens the cost to individual Member States.

*The Cold War and the implicit nuclear threat should not be underestimated [though it is by millions today in the 21st century] and such was the calculated perceived threat, that a speech was prepared for HM The Queen to deliver just a few months after she made her traditional 1982 Christmas Broadcast. This is what she would have said to the people of the United Kingdom, The Commonwealth and all her Dominions. The speech was not delivered. However, it shows the severity of the situation for the speech to be written in the first place, suggesting that there was a possibility {or was that a probability ?} of the West being close to the brink of war and thus Armageddon. We, the Armed Forces of those days, lived under this continuous threat!

"When I spoke to you less than three months ago we were all enjoying the warmth and fellowship of a family Christmas. Our thoughts were concentrated on the strong links that bind each generation to the ones that came before and those that will follow. The horrors of war could not have seemed more remote as my family and I shared our Christmas joy with the growing family of the Commonwealth.

Now this madness of war is once more spreading through the world and our brave country must again prepare itself to survive against great odds.

I have never forgotten the sorrow and the pride I felt as my sister and I huddled around the nursery wireless set listening to my father's inspiring words on that fateful day in 1939. Not for a single moment did I imagine that this solemn and awful duty would one day fall to me.

We all know that the dangers facing us today are greater by far than at any time in our long history. The enemy is not the soldier with his rifle nor even the airman prowling the skies above our cities and towns but the deadly power of abused technology.

But whatever terrors lie in wait for us all the qualities that have helped to keep our freedom intact twice already during this sad century will once more be our strength.

My husband and I share with families up and down the land the fear we feel for sons and daughters, husbands and brothers who have left our side to serve their country. My beloved son Andrew #  is at this moment in action with his unit and we pray continually for his safety and for the safety of all servicemen and women at home and overseas.

It is this close bond of family life that must be our greatest defence against the unknown. If families remain united and resolute, giving shelter to those living alone and unprotected, our country's will to survive cannot be broken.

My message to you therefore is simple. Help those who cannot help themselves, give comfort to the lonely and the homeless and let your family become the focus of hope and life to those who need it.

As we strive together to fight off the new evil let us pray for our country and men of goodwill wherever they may be.

God bless you all. "

# Andrew was in action with his unit in the period 2nd April to 14 June 1982 serving as a helicopter pilot on the carrier HMS Invincible [R05].  This was during the Falklands War when the Argentine had attacked the South Atlantic BOT [British Overseas Territory - Falklands and South Georgia].  The Speech is recorded as an event for 1983, and we must assume that it was drafted in 1982, amended and made ready for 1983 and then filed for posterity.  In those few weeks of April, May and June, nearly a thousand lives were lost [plus as many wounded] over 250 of them of our own boys. Some were ceremoniously buried [at their loved one's choice including Colonel H Jones VC of the Parachute Regiment] in the Falklands, whilst others were repatriated for burial in the UK, several, including Sergeant McKay VC Parachute Regiment in the Military Cemetery at Aldershot Hampshire.

Mind you, before leaving the Queen's intended speech, things have dramatically changed and the threat we all experience today in 2013 is undoubtedly the threat of zealots and extremism in the Islamic world, and not, as is often stated or inferred, from the largely peaceful and decent Islamic world as a whole. However, just as in Germany in the early 1930's when the largely peaceful and decent German population turned a blind eye and allowed the Nazi Party to become a systemic poison of their nation leading to total all out war, then so too are those previously mentioned good but hapless Muslims turning a blind eye to renegades who purport to represent them. This too could get out of hand and lead to yet another global conflict! It is not therefore the threat of a nuclear war not even from Iran, especially now [2013] with its new moderate leader, willing to engage the world with meaningful dialogue and not the gesturing and hostile rhetoric of the recent past. The West should be on its guard and solicitous about the future, having in place good and appropriate defences and as importantly, an ever open door for communications with the official-Islamic world, encouraging them to defend their faith, not against us non-Muslims but against its own but wayward faith-Members. Regrettably, their phlegmatic attitude suggests that their official leaders do not see a problem, for rarely if ever, do they take media slots either electronically or in print form to tell the West of their concerns when patently we are greatly concerned about the ever growing threat.

The second reason looks at todays problems which could and possibly do frustrate and hinder good personnel management. In my day the navy was formed from the Caucasoid race, it was of single UK-indigenous male gender, Christians almost totally with a smattering of non-believers, basically heterosexual despite the rugby-club type banter and skylarking which was a part of the navy's psyche then and I hope so now, but understand that decent women's sensitivities have to be taken into account as we did on the few occasions they were around. Today, with 2980 females in the Naval Services, they must be difficult to 'avoid' and moreover, their presence must at times act as party poopers for men with high morals.  Managing such a diverse group of people has to be a handful even for the finest HR consultant in the world, and I don't think that the navy would have recourse to that persons services! So with that in mind, let us have a look at what data the MOD gathers and prepares for publishing.

In no particular order, the six headings they use today are:-

1. Gender
2. Sexual Orientation {LGB}
3. Religious persuasion
4. Secular, agnostic or atheist persuasion
5. Colour of skin and Ethnicity {BME}
6. Age - where it is possible to routinely reach the age of 60 today, transcending my navy at its most generous, by 10 years.

In a moment I will concoct a chart to show the figures associated with these headings during this period {2012-2013}. However, although the data in 2 above is gathered for MOD civilian employees but only if the person is willing to declare his or her orientation, it is not gathered for members of the Armed Forces and in truth, no member of a crew should know about a fellow crew members orientation. There is a 'no touch' 'no tell' culture, and if all follow that rule, discipline and harmonious living should be no problem.

This article covers MOD Civilians only.

From the article you can see that the grades of employees are in descending order with SCS = Senior Civil Servant on the top and the lowly industrial workers [cleaners perhaps] at the bottom. The grades in between are from civil servant down through the clerical grades. Please read the associated text to get a full understanding of the figures published.

Now back to the Naval Services, in this case the Royal Navy and the Royal Marines. No 1 in the list above is Gender.

Female Representation - 1 April 2012 Female Representation - 1 April 2013

In the 12 months to the 31 March 2013, the proportion of female entrants to UK Regular Forces was 8.4 per cent. This is lower than the proportion on strength (9.7 per cent) and lower than the previous 12 month period ending the 31 March 2012 (8.7 per cent).

Representation of females differs by Service with the RAF having the largest percentage of females in total (13.9 per cent). The Royal Marines has the smallest proportion of females (1.3 per cent). This is partly explained by restrictions on roles available to women and

the nature of the roles in each of the Services.

The Armed Forces have an exemption from the Sex Discrimination Act and there are restrictions on females serving in close-combat roles. Figures compiled in 2006 show that 71% of posts in the Navy, 67% of posts in the Army and 96% of posts in the RAF are open

to women. However, all cap-badged posts in the Regular Infantry (and Household Cavalry/Royal Armoured Corps) and the Royal Marines are presently closed to women on the grounds of combat effectiveness.

The overall female representation of the UK Regular Forces was 9.7 percent; this has remained constant between 1 April 2012 and 1 April 2013.


We will soon see the overall figures of the Naval Services and if you have a care you can extrapolate the male percentages knowing what the female percentages are. Note that there are no Royal Marine female officers! Females overall 2012 9.2% - 2013 9.1%

Next up is No 3 'Religious Persuasion', No 2 having been dealt with. Remember no figures for the Armed Forces!

The percentage of Christian personnel has reduced from 83.6 per cent in April 2012 to 81.8 per cent in April 2013. The Army has the highest percentage of personnel with a declared Christian religion (84.0 per cent), compared to the

Royal Air Force (80.4 per cent) and the Naval Service (76.8 per cent).


Criterion - Naval Service for 2012 = 28010 {79.1%} - for 2013 = 26020 {76.8%}. In 2012 79.1% were Christians and in 2013 76.8%. The ever shrinking numbers of Christians in the navy, which in case you have forgotten is the Nations chief religion having as a part of these scores the chief faith, that of CofE {Church of England} has to be a slight worry even though the figures reflect upon society as a whole. According to the 'stats' we have sixty Chaplains, and you will later observe that all administer to Christians. Some years ago, I wrote this page which you may find of interest

In my time, the very mention of the word Catholics, let alone any other "naval" minority religion, was enough to  stimulate heated arguments and there was plenty of potential for these slanging-matches some of which I researched and published a few years ago, like this one for example


 Others are - -

Irish boys and men wanting their own RC priest in the navy.htm (2012_11_19 20_20_07 UTC).html -

Let_us_now_look_at_some_of_the_written_data_about_boys_training.html Looking at the entry for 1879.

The Navy has for many years had a list of religions it might attract to the Service but a list is just a list, and unless the Navy can fill the 'pigeon-holes', it remains an administrative 'tool' available for recruiters! I have taken this from BR {Book of Reference} 31 extant in the second quarter of 1970. Note the many 'pigeons holes' which would or could NEVER be filled, for were they to be so, the principles of that religion would be flawed and utterly compromised. There are several religions here listed which are by the very nature of their faith, pacifist where being in an Armed Force would be an anathema to the faith and all therein. If you look at this page, written many years ago in 1995 clicking on or scrolling down to Section 2, you will see that list. I am sure that it is common knowledge on which of these religions are declared pacifists, and why they are listed when other pacifists are not is difficult to understand. For example, I cannot see a Member of the Jehovah Witnesses joining up and declaring that he or she is a "OB". Whether a pacifist is automatically a conscientious  objector [CO] or that the Nation would accept that a named religion was recognised and accepted as CO's, is beyond the scope of interpretation for this page, but I would wager that many belonging to religions like the Plymouth Brethren, the Quakers, Salvationists, inter alia, would see it as an aberration to take up arms against his fellow man and as such, would refuse to do so and yet would not refuse to serve his or her country by any other means. I am sure that you will agree that the list as shown in BR31 is academic and so for a large part, ambiguous! Moslem [in the Table at the end of Line 2] has now given way to Muslim of course, but there are other religions listed which are no longer used or recognised.

Now forty three long years on, and in common with virtually every other aspect of our lives forced or backed into a corner by immigration/multiculturalism, religion in the navy has changed. It is still stressed in written form/law as being of crucial importance and to be encouraged at every possible opportunity, but unlike the old QRRN and before that the QR&AI, the modern day equivalent viz, BRd2 {The Queen's Regulations for the Royal Navy} treats the subject of religion with circumspection, taking care to gloss-over religion per se by faith choosing not to mention the denominations of the country's declared religion namely Christianity [which is mentioned just once] thereby avoiding the risk of upsetting certain people, and we all know who they are. Chapter 75 of BRd2 covers Chaplaincy and Religion using up just a few succinct paragraphs. However, it is good to see that the words Sunday, Good Friday and Christmas are retained and that Friday, Saturday, Ramadan and other non-national celebrations are not used.

You have been told that the Naval Services [RN/RM] have 60 Chaplains borne and all of these serve Christians. Other faiths are served by five civilians clerics known as CCM's, so when at sea, little has changed in the Navy since my time and I welcome that knowledge whole heartedly.

This is what Chapter 75 says.

BRd 2.htm

No 4 - Secular etc

It is surprising just how many other there are.  I can remember a time in HMS Nelson [RNB Portsmouth], when a single Jew was given a dispensation to allow him to worship on a Saturday. The Jewish Holy Day started at sun-down on a Friday night with the lighting of candles etc and the dispensation allowed him leave into the Portsmouth Jewish Community at 'Secure' on Friday teatime when the pipe "Libertymen fall in" was made. In effect, not only did he get a virtual LWE every week when they were rationed like gold, but he got out of clean-ship [Friday nights and Saturday mornings] and rounds proper on Saturday morning which was one of the most hated of functions, but he also got out of Division and Church parade every Sunday morning, not that he would have attended the Church Parade. He was so unpopular that even to this day, getting on for 60 years ago, I still have an antipathy for him.  Our contention was that if you joined the Royal Navy you abided by its rules, and clearly, dispensations break those rules and are used as expedients to the plight of the rest of the mess.

Next comes No5 - BME - BLACKS and Minority Ethnics - in our day, rarely if ever seen!

Without a doubt, some of these percentages do not add up, and sometimes, reading the tiny print on the lines as well as between the lines, tells you why. I wouldn't over-work your calculator trying to prove a point. ! I think that there is something we non-mathematicians haven't been told about?

 BME personnel comprised 7.1 per cent of the UK Regular Forces, continuing a long term gradual increase in the proportion of BME personnel. This differs considerably by officer (2.4 per cent) and other ranks (8.1 per

cent). There are also notable variations by Service with the Army employing the most BME personnel (10.2 per cent) and the RAF the least (2.0 percent).

UK Regular Forces

Figures are for UK Regular Forces (including both Trained and Untrained personnel), and therefore exclude Gurkhas, Full Time Reserve Service personnel and mobilised reservists.

Black and Minority Ethnic percentage figures are based on those with a known ethnic origin. Ethnic background, religion and nationality are self-reported.

UK Armed Forces personnel are sourced from the Joint Personnel Administration system. Whilst this report does not look at flows, in the 12 months ending 31st March 2013, 3,470 personnel left the UK Regular Forces under the Armed Forces Redundancy Programme, including 430 Naval Service, 2,060 Army and 980 Royal Air Force personnel.

Finally in this section comes the age - part 6 in our story so far. This plotted graph [originally in colour] with the first line on the left climbing, is the 2010 line. It peaks around the 40 year mark  and hugs the 2013 line catching up with it and crossing it at the 55+ year mark. It is an unusual curve. Even it, in all its simplicity has no real bearing on my time in the Service, when just about every rating who had taken on for pension was leaving the service around the age of 40. The early 1970's changed all that giving promoted warrant officers their first release from Service break at the age of 45, what was called the LS4 engagement. Running concurrent with the introduction of the WO was a need to keep people on to fill positions which did require going to sea or being away from home. They were called 'Treasury 100 Billets' or 'Extended Service Billets' but they also had other names.  They could serve until they were no longer needed  so employment could be precarious with relatively short notice for termination of employment. All engagements were measured from the age of 18, or if you joined after that age, from the age of when you joined. To understand them more easily is to work backwards, for so few of you will remember the LS 2 engagement: LS of course meaning long service!  Each LS engagement was called a "PRICK" and the usual maximum was to leave the Service at the age of 50 after completing an LS5 or a 5th prick as it was usually called. So:-

LS 5 Starts when you are 45 and finishes when you are 50 having served 32 years man's time.
LS4 Starts when you are 40 and finishes when you are 45 after 27 years - In many cases, including mine own, 3 years Boys time can be added to that score to take account of the service given from the age of 15 to 18 which doesn't count towards pension.
LS3 Starts at 30/35  and finishes at 40 after 22 years at which time a Service Pension and a Gratuity is awarded. In just about every case under the old system, i.e., before the engagements 9 and 14 years were introduced, a man would complete his LS1 engagement at the age of 30 and move straight onto his LS3 engagement to complete time for pension.
LS2 Start at 30  and finishes at 35 at 17 years service - rarely if ever used - see LS3.
LS1 Start at 18 and finishes at 30 after 12 years

The clue to reading  the curves [or just one of them] is to first note the 'y' axis [the north south gradings] which is calculated in percentages. The 'x' axis shows years from zero to 55+.  Let's look at a group of years, say from 20 to 25. For much of the time at those points the curves are up towards the 5% mark and that could be interpreted as 5 x 5 = 25% of the British Armed Forces [It is not a purely naval chart] where the first 5 in the calculation represents years 20-21,21-22,,22-23,23-24 and 24-25 and the second 5, the 5% grading. By going through the curves, you would of course end up taking samples which would add up to 100%, giving a snap-shot of the Armed Forces.

Now for a more up-to-date picture, looking at the navy as it was documented on the 11th June 2013. I have two personal prophecies at this time namely at 1830 Thursday 25th July 2013. One being that the new carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth will be commissioned on or before 1200 on the 27th July 2117 {my birthday} and the other is that GAL of ours, GAL standing for George Alexander Louis [I am sure that the Duchess of Cambridge wanted a girl so much that the initials of the new Prince spell out GAL] will one day be a member of the crew of HMS Queen Elizabeth, say before the year 2033 when the ship will be approximately fifteen years old, half way through its life. This clock below is commissioned by me for the commissioning date. The weeks left are what is left of this year as and when you consult it. In January 2114 for example it will show 52 weeks through to 2115 etc until July 2117 is reached. When it reaches that point the message you see will change.


 Now let us look at The ROYAL NAVY of today portrayed in charts. 

Note that when the percent is lower than 1% the chart shows Zero %. In this and in other cases too, the calculation has been made by the programme used, but in reality those figures should be from Segment 1 to Segment 9: Zero too small to calculate, 0.1, 0.4, 1.1. 4.0, 14.8. 29.4, 40.0. 10.2 percents. Although we have Admirals of the Fleet {OF10} by virtue of age and time when promoted, the rank no longer exists and promotions to it ceased many years ago. WRNS first went to sea in 1990 and for those in that Service who elected to become a full and integral part of the Royal Navy, the title was dropped, become instead female sailors. Those who chose not to go to sea {NSV - non sea volunteers} remained as WRNS.  However, before the twenty first century had dawned, the WRNS were disbanded but those remaining in that Service prior to disbandment, were allowed to serve out their contract. Note how the females are starting grow in strength! Now twenty three years on since 1990, they have reached the rank of Captain R.N., albeit in very small numbers with 1.1% representing [arithmetically at least] 3.08 women with that rank! In Segment 9, the Sub Lieutenants slice of the pie, their numbers at 10.6% on 710 officers, is now creeping up to 75.  However, and perhaps more significantly, note the increasing percentages of BME officers who have now reached the Commodore level.  The defence cuts will of course reduce their numbers pro rata, and will go some way to pin-back the growth-rate of this class of officer.  The likelihood of BME officers achieving Flag Rank is statistically many years hence. Note that we have forty one admirals and eighty commodores {one hundred and twenty one very senior officers} to 'control' a Naval Service of  just over 31,000 strong, which equates to one per every 256 uniformed personnel borne on the books of MOD[N]. Irrespective of their size or function although many are small and some very small, we have 81sea-going vessels sporting the prefix HMS {click on this link ROYAL_NAVY_SUMMARY_EARLY_2013 which shows the latest Fleet Composition}, equating to approximately 1.5 very senior officers per vessel, or, one admiral looking after two vessels each!   A gross imbalance I would think ?


On the lower deck and at the lowest grade, the able seaman [ordinary seaman was disbanded a few years ago] females now account for 9.9% = 1200 and BME's for 6% = 727 females.


In the two charts above, the totals add up to 31040. Below is a chart showing the percentage score between RN Officers and Ratings.

Of the officer corps, it shows, as near as damn it,  that 3220 - 59% - are employed in General Service {GS}, 900 - 19% - in the Submarine Service {SM} and 1250 - 23%  in the Fleet Air Arm Service {FAA} = 5370 as shown in the chart above.  The figures are fluid: for example, a Chaplain can be considered to belong to all sections of the navy as can nurses and doctors. Their employment can be shown in chart form as follows.

The next chart breaks down each of the sections 1 to 8 into specific jobs. We start with the warfare branch and finish general service with the dear old 'sky pilot'! All job titles can be found at the end of the story under the heading of Glossary.

Before moving on, how does the much "loved" naval policeman fit into the family? You can see that there are 20 officers in that Branch overall,  and in a moment you will see that there are  240 non commissioned navy policemen. So, at 260 in all, they make up less than 1% of the navy weighing in at 0.08 or put another way, approximately every 100th sailor is a naval policeman. When compared to something we can all understand, there are 307 policemen in the UK for every 100,000 people of the population. That equates roughly to one policeman for every 325 people. We all know that that is nowhere near enough and that as such,  policeman can not do his job properly however well he or she might try.  260 navy policemen looking after 24,280 {here I am assuming that officers do not need to be "looked after"} sailors, against 307 civil policemen looking after 100,000 further equates to 75 civilian officers to look after our lower deck population.  Do we really need that many navy policemen on the MOD[N] payroll ? I think not !

 Next come the Engineers.

Logistics ! In my day the Pusser, the paybob, Jack Dusty, and several other names also were used, and the only time LOG, short for Logistic was ever mentioned, was when the WEO or the MEO staggered into my office [the W/T office in this case and on a submarine] with his LOGREQ [Logistic Requirements] asking for tons of this and tons of that to be ready for on-loading as soon as we got alongside. On the list I have such grand names as Barristers appear with Logistic [naval stores I presume] and a space for "Logistics Family Services" but no mention of any personnel assigned to do that job!

The "Medical world" I have grouped together.  Additionally, because he is out on his own, I have added the Padre [the Chaplain] into their list.  It looks like this.

That concludes the officers general service list of jobs, numbers borne, percentages. We now start the regular officers this time on the Submariners side of the fleet. Submariners are shown to be 900 broken down into warfare specialisations, engineering and logistics. However, unlike the jobs in general service warfare which are all listed separately with many glossary inputs, here the MOD simply states that there are 320 submarine warfare jobs.


 Finally, on the officers side, to the Fleet Air Arm [FAA]

Now for the charts reflecting the Ratings, their jobs,

Referring to the chart above. I have erroneously included the Royal Marines in the Medical Branches. For the devotees of statistics segment 4 shoud read 770 and not 830 as shown.  The breakdown of that 39% of Ratings Jobs and Specialisation shown in the chart, the Warfare Branch, is further broken down in the following chart. 






AEA Air Engineer Artificer
AEM Air Engineer Mechanic
AET Air Engineering Technician
CMA Chartered Management Accountant
CIS Communications Information Systems
CIS [SM] Communications Information Systems Submarines
CT Communications Technician
Dental Hyg Dental Hygienist
Dental SA Dental Surgery Assistant
EAE Air Engineering Fleet Air Arm
EGS Engineering General Service
E[IS] Engineer Information Service
E[IS SM] Engineer Information Service Submarine
ESM Engineering Submarines
E[TM] Engineering Training Manager
ET[ME] Engineering Technician Marine Engineer
E[TM SM] Engineering Technician Marine Engineer Submarines
ET MESM Engineering Technician Marine Engineer Submarines    
ETS Education Training and Support
ET[WE] Engineering Technician Weapon Engineer
ET WESM Engineering Technician Weapon Engineer Submarines
HM Hydrographical Meteorological
HM[H] Survey Recorders - Now part of the Hydrographical and Meteorological Specialisation
HM[M] Naval Meteorological - Now part of the Hydrographical and Meteorological Specialisation
MEM Marine Engineering Mechanic
MEMSM Marine Engineer Mechanic [Submariner]
NA[AC] Naval Airman Air Controller
NA[AH] Naval Airman Aircraft Handler
NA[PHOT] Naval Airman Photographer
NA[SE] Naval Airman Survival Equipment
PT Physical Training Instructor
PWO Principal Warfare Officer
PWO[A] Principal Warfare Officer [Above Water]
PWO[C] Principal Warfare Officer [Communications]
PWO[N] Principal Warfare Officer [Navigation]
PWO[U] Principal Warfare Officer [Under Water]
QARNNS Queen Alexandra Royal Naval Nursing Service
WEM Weapon Engineering Mechanic
WEMSM Weapon Engineer Mechanic[Submariner]
WPNA Weapon Analyst
WS Warfare Specialist
WS[AWT] Warfare Specialist Above Water Tactical
WS[AWW] Warfare Specialist Above Water Warfare
WS[EW] Warfare Specialist Electronic Warfare
WS[UW] Warfare Specialist Underwater Warfare
WS[SSM] Warfare Specialist Sensors Submarine
WS[STM] Warfare Specialist Tactical Submarine
XAV Warfare Fleet Air Arm and Royal Marine Aircrew
XR Warfare General Service
XSM Warfare Submarines